 # Units of measure

## US system

WEIGHT
• 1 pound = 16oz = 453.5g = 30.3 tbsp
VOLUME
• 1 pound = 16oz
• 1 gallon = 4 quarts = 16 cups = 128 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
• 1 quart = 2 pints = 4 cups = 32 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
• 1 pint = 1/2 quart = 2 cups = 16 fluid ounces (fl. oz)
• 1 cup = .25 quarts =.5 pint = 8fl.oz = 16 tbsp
• 1 fl.oz = .125 cups = 2 tbsp = 6 tsp
• 1 tbsp = .5 fl.oz = 3 tsp
LENGTH
• 1 foot = 12 inches

TEMPERATURE
• °F to °C From the Feirenheit temperature, deduct 32, then multiply by 5, and then divide by 9.
• 212 degrees Feirenheit (°F) is the boiling point of water
• 32 degrees Feirenheit (°F) is the freezing point of water

## Metric system

WEIGHT
• Weight measurements are measured in grams (g)
• Metric ton = 1,000,000g
• 1Kilogram (kg) = 1000g
• 1 Hectogram = 100g
• 1 Dekagram = 10g
• Gram = 1g
• Decigram = .10g
• Centigram =.01g
• Milligram =.001g
VOLUME
• Volume measurements are measured in liters (L)
• kiloliter (kl) = 1000 liters
• Hectoliter (hl) = 100 liters
• Dekaliters (dl) = 10 liters
• Liter = 1 Liter
• Deciliter (dl) =.1 liters
• Centiliter (cl) = .01 liters
• Milliliter (ml) = .001 liters
LENGTH
• Length measurements are measured in meters (m)
• Kilometer = 1000 meters
• Hectometer = 100 meters
• Dekameter = 10 meters
• Meter = 1 meter
• Decimeter (dm) = .1 meter (1/10th of a meter)
• Centimeter (cm) = .01 meter (1/100th of a meter)
• Millimeter (mm) = .001 meter (1/1000th of a meter)
TEMPERATURE
• Temperature measurements are measured in degrees Celcius (°C).
• 100 degrees Celcius (°C) is the boiling point of water
• 0 degrees Celcius (°C) is the boiling point of water
°C to °F Multiply the Celcius temperature by 9, then divide by 5, and then add 32.

## Weight/Volume measurements of monstly used ingredients in a baking shop

BUTTER
• 1 square-inch cube of unsalted butter = 20g = .8oz = 4 tsp OR 1 tbsp + 1 1/2 tsp
• 1/4 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 62ml
• 1/2 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 125ml
• 1 cup unsalted butter (as shown on package) = 250ml
• 2 cups unsalted butter (the whole bar) = 500ml = 460g = 10.2oz
• A 1.5 cm (5/8") slice = 1/4 cup
• A 3 cm (1 1/8") slice = 1/2 cup
• A 6 cm (2 3/8") slice = 1 cup
• CORNSTARCH
• 1 tbsp =10g
• FLOUR
• 1cup flour (all purpose, white) = 145g
• 1/2 cup flour (all purpose, white) = 70g
• 1/4 cup flour (all purpose, white) = 30g
• EGGS
• 1 large egg (with shell) = 55g/2oz
• 1 whole egg (without shell) = 47g
• 1 egg yolk = 19g
• 1 egg white = 28g
• MILK
• 1 cup = 244g
• SALT
• 1 tsp salt = 6g = .2oz
• 1 tbsp salt =20g (seasalt)
• 1tsp salt = 5g
• OLIVE OIL
• 1 tbsp = 10g
• 1/4 cup = 45g
• 1/2 cup = 100g
SUGAR
• 1 tbsp sugar = 10g
• 1 tsp sugar = 5g
• 1/2 tsp sugar < 5g
• WATER
• 1 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 230g
• 1 cup water (at 150 °F= 210g
• 1/2 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 110g
• 1/4 cup water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = 50g
• 1 tbsp water (at room temperature,~68 °F) = .2g
• 1g = .033oz = 1ml
• 1 tsp = 5ml
• 1 tbsp = 15ml
• YEAST
• 1 tsp yeast = 4g
• 1 tbsp yeast = 10g
• 1 package quick rise yeast = 2 1/4 tsp = 7g
• Quick rise yeast equivant = Fresh yeast amount / 3
• Fresh yeast equivalent = quick rise yeast amount x 3
• YOGURT (2%)
• 1 tbsp = 15g
• 1/2 cup = 130g
• 1 cup = 255g

## Converting US to Metric and vice versa

• With todays digital scales, conversions from US to metric units and vice versa are not needed.